GEOMCALC (CCP4: Supported Program)


geomcalc - molecular geometry calculations.


geomcalc XYZIN foo_in.pdb XYZOUT foo_out.pdb
[Keyworded input]


Read and store molecule, then do various geometry calculations, according to commands.

- fit subset of atoms to plane

- calculate deviation of atoms from plane

- calculate atom - atom distances

- calculate bond angles

- calculate torsion angles


Available keywords are:

The syntax of an atom-name is <chain-name>|<residue_number>:<atomname>, i.e. with the 3 components separated by the delimiters | and :. If either <chain-name> or <residue_number> are omitted, they default to the previously used value (initially blank and 1 respectively). Note that atom-specifiers are case-sensitive.

READ [<input file name>]

Read molecule from file & store. If the filename is not given, the logical name XYZIN is used. Any previously stored molecule will be overwritten. On entry to the program, it will always try to read XYZIN.

PLANE [<plane_number>] [+] <atom-names> | ALL

List atom names to define plane. If the first token is +, these atoms will be added to a previously defined plane. Otherwise, a PLANE command will replace a previously defined plane. The direction of the plane normal is defined as approximately parallel to the vector (xyz2-xyz1) x (xyz3-xyz1), where xyz1, xyz2, xyz3 are the coordinates of atoms 1,2,3 If plane_number is given, then this command defines this plane and makes it the current plane. If it is not set, the plane-number defaults to 1.

If the keyword ALL is given instead of an atom list, all atoms will be used. This may be useful for finding the principal directions of a whole molecule.

FROMPLANE <atom-names> | POINT <x> <y> <z>

Calculate perpendicular distance of listed atoms (or point) from previously defined current plane (i.e. the last one defined, or the one set with the CURRENT command).

SEPARATION  <plane_number1> <plane_number2>

Calculate distance between the centres of two previously defined planes. This is usually only sensible if the two planes are essentially the same.

ATOM <atom-name>

Print coordinates of specified atom

DISTANCE <atom-name1> <atom-name2>

Calculate distance between named atoms

ANGLE <atom-name1> <atom-name2> <atom-name3>

Calculate angle between named atoms, i.e. between the vectors 2 -> 1 and 2 -> 3.

TORSION <atom-name1> <atom-name2> <atom-name3> <atom-name4>

Calculate torsion angle between named atoms


Transform all stored atoms into frame of previously defined plane, i.e. put origin at centre of plane, with the major axis along x and the plane normal along z. Note that all currently defined planes will also be transformed into the new frame.

XAXIS <atom-name1> <atom-name2>

Redefine transformation for the current plane to put the plane normal along z and the vector vx = <atom-name1> -> <atom-name2> in the xz plane (i.e. the projection of vx on the plane is put along x). This will then be used for any subsequent TRANSFORM commands. It allows for a consistent frame definition for a series of related but different planes.

CENTRE <atom-name> | <x> <y> <z>

Redefine the centre of the current plane, either to the position of an atom, or to the given coordinates. This will shift the origin of subsequent TRANSFORM operations, but will mangle future FROMPLANE commands (unless the new centre lies in the plane).

WRITE [<output file name>]

Write out stored coordinates to file (normally after a TRANSFORM command) If the filename is omitted, the logical name XYZOUT is used.

CURRENT <plane_number>

Define current plane number: this plane must have been previously defined with a PLANE command.

FOLD <plane_number_1> <plane_number_2>

Calculate angle between two previously defined planes.

TILT <atom-name1> <atom-name2> | <dx> <dy> <dz>

Calculate angle between vector and the normal to the current plane. The vector may be defined either as <dx> <dy> <dz>, or as <atom-name1> -> <atom-name2>


Phil Evans, MRC LMB, September 1995
Plane fit algorithm stolen from Judd Fermi